|National Day of Catalonia|
September 11 National Day of Catalonia: the official ceremony Ciutadella Park
Where: Parc de la Ciutadella
When:From 11/09/2013 to 09/11/2013
Address: Pg Picasso, 21
District: Ciutat Vella
Area: Sant Pere, Santa Caterina i la Ribera
Post Code: 08003
Opening ceremony of the solemn parade formation Gala Catalan police accompanied by the song Num. 6 Songs and Dances of Frederic Mompou, played by Jordi Molina and Reynald Colom from an arrangement for trumpet and tenor Toni Xuclà.
- Delivery of the flag by the mayor of Arenys de Mar, Stanislaus Fors i Garcia, in memory of the Poet Espriu, in the year of the centenary of the poet, playwright and novelist Catalan.
- Hoisting the flag to the agreements of the flag of the song, directed by Louis Arguijo Manresà and interpreted by the choir, founded in 1901.
The events that are remembered during this year clebració are:
- 800th anniversary of the Battle of Muret, a town located south of Toulouse, where the troops of Philip II of France defeated the allied armies.
- 600th anniversary of the death of Bernat Metge first representative of Humanism and the Renaissance in Catalan literature.
- Centenary of the promulgation of the spelling of the Institute of Catalan Studies are one of the most visible signs of our cultural and linguistic unity.
- Centenary of the birth of Espriu, one of the poets that were concerned about the survival and evolution of the Catalan language. In his body of work engages the central part of the event.
- 50th anniversary of the statements of Father Aurelius Escarré the newspaper Le Monde, speaking of the relationship between Catalonia and Spain, which had a major impact on international dictatorship of Franco.
- 50th anniversary of the death of Carmen Amaya, the gypsy singer and dancer born in Barcelona Somorrostro neighborhood.
- The choir sang and the audience Manresà Reapers to end the event. National Day of Catalonia
On September 11, Catalonia commemorates the 1714 Barcelona defeat during the War of the Spanish Succession. As a punishment for their support to the claim of Habsburg Archduke Charles to the throne of Spain, institutions and rights of the territories of the Crown of Aragon were abolished by the victorious absolutist Bourbon monarchy.
In 1980, the re-established Generalitat of Catalonia, as its first public act proclaimed 11 September the Catalan National Holiday.
Organizations and political parties traditionally lay floral offerings at the monuments of Rafael Casanova and General Moragues for their fight against the Bourbon army.
Catalanist groups also meet in the Fossar de les Moreres, where they pay homage to the defenders of city who where killed and buried in that place.
Throughout the day, there are political demonstrations, concerts and celebration events. Many citizens hang the senyeres and estelades on their balconies.
Fossar de les Moreres
The Fossar de les Moreres is a memorial plaza in Barcelona, (Catalonia), adjacent to the basilica Santa Maria del Mar. It therefore integrates the quotidian elements of use with a commemorative gesture to the fallen Catalonians in the war of 1714 in the War of the Spanish Succession.
As in the Spanish Civil War over 200 years after, in the war of 1714 Catalonia suffered a catastrophic loss of autonomy after revolting against Castilla and fighting on the side of Spain's enemies (Britain and its allies). The subsequent Decret de Nova Planta abolished all Catalan laws and institutions and subjected the region to heavy taxation.
At a later date the public use of the Catalan language was banned. Never one to accept a central absolutist regime, Catalonia's remembrance of the heroes of the war is as relevant to the city's history even today as it was back then.
The cementery of the Moreres was paved and the plaza was born with the urbanization of parroquial cemeteries in 1821 under pressure from King Carles III of Spain and General Castaños.
Actually it is an annual memorial place in National Day of Catalonia (Diada in Catalan), every 11 September, where Catalans yearly make homage to the defenders of city who where killed and buried in that place.
Agencia Catalana de Turismo
Paseo de Gracia 107
08008 Barcelona (Catalonia)
Tel.:+34 934849900 CENTRO DE INFORMACIÓN DE TURISMO DE BARCELONA
Plaza de Catalunya, 17 soterrari
8002 Barcelona (Catalonia)